55 Types of Succulents & Cacti - Growing Tips and Photos

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by Max - last update on November 16, 2019, 7:01 pm
Types of succulents

The succulent garden design is great for temperate, warm, but also cold locations. Succulents are usually very drought-tolerant as they have thick leaves that they use to store moisture. As they store water in their leaves, they can withstand a long time in the sun with very little water.

If you are a person who’s not at home very often either because of work or a busy life, succulents might be the right plants for you. They require very little attention and can last for a very long time. These plants are also great for adding vibrancy and structure to your home. Sometimes, you might not be able to have a garden outside. Thankfully, you can grow some of these succulents inside in containers with no problems.

Most succulents do very well in hot weather with full sun. But you’ll want to pay attention to how cold of temperatures they can tolerate.

Succulents You Can Grow Indoors

If you are interested in growing a succulent or cactus inside your house, here are some of the below species that you can choose from. Their temperature and light requirements make them ideal for decorating your indoor spaces.

55 Types of Succulents

1. Acanthocalycium Thionanthum

Acanthocalycium Thionanthum

This is a very variable taxon that has several forms. They have many flower colors and spine sizes.

Origin: Argentina – La Rioja, Tucumán, Catamarca, Salta

Name: Acanthocalycium thionanthum

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 1-6 inches

Hardiness zone: 10-11

Light: Full day

Water: Dry, not requiring too much

Temperature: Up to -12° Celsius

Soil: Porous, standard cactus soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: White, yellow, pink, red, orange

Special Features: Showy flowers, container


2. Aloe Vera

Aloe Vera

This well-known plant originates from the Arabian Peninsula. It usually grows in tropical climates and is cultivated for medicinal and agricultural uses. Some people use it for decorative purposes and grow the plant indoors very successfully.

Origin: Arabian Peninsula

Name: Aloe Vera

Family: Asphodelaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: 24-39 inches

Hardiness zone: 8-11

Light: Partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to 0° Celsius

Soil: Sandy potting

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Yellow, green

Special Features: Medicine purposes, indoor


3. Armatocereus Godingianus

This is a tree-like cactus common to South America. Usually, it has white flowers with a specific spiny ovary and fruits. The name comes from the Latin word, “inchesarmatus,” which means “armed.”

Origin: South America – Ecuador, Peru

Name: Armatocereus Godingianus

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 36-48 inches

Hardiness zone: 10-11

Light: Full day, but can live with partial sun

Water: Dry, not requiring too much

Temperature: Hardy to -10° Celsius

Soil: Non-organic draining soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: White

Special Features: Showy flowers


4. Ariocarpus Iloydii

Ariocarpus Iloydii

This cultivar has fewer tubes, but they are fat, rounded at the apex, and very broad. It is quite a large tubercle compared to other species.

Origin: central Mexico

Name: Ariocarpus Iloydii

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 1-6 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full day

Water: Dry, not requiring too much

Temperature: Hardy to -10° Celsius

Soil: Loose mineral soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Pink

Special Features: Showy flowers, container


5. Medusita

This cultivar has fewer tubes, but they are fat, rounded at the apex, and very broad. It is quite a large tubercle compared to other species.

Origin: Mexico - Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, El Herrero

Name: Astrophytum caput-medusae

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 1-6 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-10

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Medium, requires a bit of water

Temperature: From 0 to 25° Celsius

Soil: Non-organic draining soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Yellow

Special Features: Container


6. Bishop’s Cap

This plant has some different characteristics from similar plants of this type - the A. myriostigma. Five ribs bishop's Cap plant looks like A. myriostigma. But it has different fruits, seeds, embryos, and flowers. The differences are permanent and constant, so you’ll be able to distinguish it easily.

Origin: Mexico – Coahuila and Durante

Name: Astrophytum coahuilense

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 6-12 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -10° Celsius

Soil: Loose, well-draining mineral soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Yellow with a red heart

Special Features: Showy flowers


7. Blue Barrel

Ferocactus glaucescens (Blue Barrel)

This is a barrel-shaped cactus that has a medium size, green-blue skin, and is usually solitary. When the plant ages, it produces a couple of heads. It can form a large mound.

Origin: Mexico - Querétaro, Guanajuato, Hidalgo, and San Luis Potosí

Name: Ferocactus glaucescens

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 12-24 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Dry-Medium, requires some water

Temperature: Keep dry in winter at or above 10° Celsius

Soil: Well draining soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Yellow with a red heart

Special Features: Container, tolerates drought


8. Shafer’s Opuntia

This is a cactus species that forms erect clumps. It is moderately branched. It can grow up to 30 centimeters or even more, and up to 15 centimeters in diameter.

Origin: Argentina – Jujuy, Bolivia – Oruro, Tarija, Chuquisaca, Potosí

Name: Austrocylindropuntia shaferi

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 6-12 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-10

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -10° Celsius

Soil: Regular watering if the soil is dry

Soil pH: 6-8

Flower Color: red

Special Features: Container


9. Aylostera Narvaecensis

This is a small, clustering cactus. It branches at a low level to form mounds or groups that are up to 15 centimeters wide. It has softly spined stems and rose-pink flowers.

Origin: Bolivia – Narvaez

Name: Aylostera narvaecensis

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 1-6 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -7° Celsius

Soil: Open mineral mix, at least 50% sand

Soil pH: 4-6

Flower Color: Pink

Special Features: Container, showy flowers


10. Ball Cactus

Ball Cactus (Parodia magnifica)

This cactus usually develops a depression on the crown. This might cause a distortion when it ages. It has pale yellow spines. You can also find wavy edged forms, but those are usually grafted.

Origin: Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay

Name: Parodia magnifica

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 24-36 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Doesn’t tolerate any frost

Soil: Well draining soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Yellow

Special Features: Easy to grow, tolerates drought


11. Beaver Tail

Beaver tail cactus

This plant branches up to 30 centimeters, sometimes even 60 centimeters in clumps of height and up to 1.2 meters in diameter. It is also a small prickly pear.

Origin: Utah, Arizona, Nevada, Mexico, California

Name: Opuntia basilaris

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 6-36 inches

Hardiness zone: 8-11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -5  Celsius 

Soil: Tolerates sand, mineral soils

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Pink

Special Features: Container, tolerates drought


12. Bird’s Nest, Nipple Cactus

Mammillaria longimamma

This plant can have 10-50 branches. It is solitary at first, but it clusters at a very young age. It forms clusters that can be up to 15 centimeters in diameter.

Origin: Querétaro, Guanajuato, Hidalgo

Name: Mammillaria longimamma

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 3-9 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to 0° Celsius

Soil: Mineral soils

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Yellow

Special Features: Container, tolerates drought


13. Living Rock

ariocarpus fissuratus

This plant generally develops deep magenta flowers, but pink or white colors and sometimes multicolor flowers can grow.

Origin: Mexico - Aramberri

Name: Ariocarpus confuses

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 1-6 inches

Hardiness zone: 9

Light: Full day

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -10° Celsius 

Soil: Draining non-organic draining soil

Soil pH: 7.6-7.8

Flower Color: White, pink, magenta

Special Features: Showy flowers, container


14. Monk’s Hood

Astophytum myriostigma

This is a spineless cactus plant. It is almost always solitary, but sometimes it has very few branches. A section of the body reveals a form of a perfectly shaped star.

Origin: Mexico - Nuevo León, San Luis Potosí, and Tamaulipas

Name: Astophytum myriostigma

Family: Cactaceae family

Type: Succulent/Cactus

Mature size: 3-9 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Dry-Medium, requires some water

Temperature: Hardy to 0° Celsius

Soil: Calcareous, stony soils

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Yellow

Special Features: Container, tolerates drought


15. Burro’s Tail

Sedum morganianum

This is a plant with pretty long stems. It has beautiful and specific green-blue leaves with shining pink-red flowers in the summer.

Origin: Mexico, Honduras

Name: Sedum morganianum

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 24 inches

Hardiness zone: 11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Medium watering

Temperature: 5-7° Celsius

Soil: Well draining soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Pink-red

Special Features: Container, indoor


16. Brain Cactus

Stenocactus multicostatus

This plant grows very low. It is a cactus with very acute and wavy ribs. They are pleated very densely together, which gives the plant a wrinkly look. It has 6-18 flattened spines.

Origin: Mexico – Durango, Coahuila, Chihuahua

Name: Stenocactus multicostatus

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 3-9 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Medium watering, withstands if dry

Temperature: 5-7° Celsius

Soil: Draining mineral potting, isn’t picky about soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Violet

Special Features: Tolerates drought, container


17. Brazilian Prickly Pear

Brazilian Pricky Pear

This is a perennial, tree-like cactus. It rises perfectly straight up to 40 feet high. It has short, mostly declining or horizontal branches.

Origin: Brazil, Peru, Andes Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay, Honduras, Mexico, Florida

Name: Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 12-40 feet

Hardiness zone: 10-11

Light: Full day, partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -2° Celsius

Soil: Any well-draining soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Pink, yellow, red

Special Features: Tolerates drought, container


18. Flaming Katy

Kalanchoe blossfeldiana

This is a very common houseplant spread throughout Madagascar. It will grow the best if you have clay pots with holes at the bottom. It is a great table plant or desk centerpiece.

Origin: Madagascar

Name: Kalanchoe blossfeldiana

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Herbaceous

Mature size: 12-18 feet

Hardiness zone: 8

Light: Shaded spot

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Minimum temperature 10° Celsius

Soil: A potting mix that drains well

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Pink, orange, red, gold

Special Features: Container, indoor


19. Bunny Cactus

Opuntia microdasys

Usually, this plant grows very low to the ground. It has a lot of branches and can sometimes grow up to 1 meter in height. The pads don’t have any spines but are covered with yellow glochids.

Origin: Mexico – Hidalgo, Jalisco, Tamaulipas, Zacatecas

Name: Opuntia microdasys

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 12-36 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -5° Celsius

Soil: Well-draining mix

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Yellow

Special Features: Tolerates drought, container


20. Button Cactus

This is a very tiny erect cactus that grows in small groups or is unbranched. It has a globe shape and a gray color. It is relatively rough.

Origin: USA – Arizona, New Mexico, Texas; Mexico.

Name: Epithelantha Micromeris

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 1-6 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -12° Celsius

Soil: Well-draining mix

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Pink

Special Features: Tolerates drought, container, easy to grow


21. Cabega

This is a night-blooming species. It mainly branches near the base. It has a bell and tubular-shaped white flowers.

Origin: Eastern and Northern Bahia, Brazil

Name: Austrocephalocereus dybowskii

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 48-144 inches

Hardiness zone: 10-11

Light: Partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Tropical climates

Soil: Standard cactus mix

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: White

Special Features: Container, very difficult to grow


22. Strawberry Hedgehog

Echinocereus engelmannii

This is a highly variable species. It has yellow and dark purple spined forms.

Origin: USA, Mexico

Name: Echinocereus engelmannii

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 6-24 inches

Hardiness zone: 7-10

Light: Full sun when mature

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -10° Celsius

Soil: Loose, well-draining mix

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Purple, Pink

Special Features: Container, tolerates drought


23. Candelabra

This is a tree-like cactus that has a lot of compact branches. It can be up to 4 meters in diameter and up to 4 meters tall. Occasionally, it is grown in pots. It can survive only a few decades.

Origin: Mexico – Baja California

Name: Myrtillocactus cohal

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 6-10 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-10

Light: Full sun when mature

Water: Dry-medium, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -10° Celsius

Soil: Well-draining mix

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Purple, Pink

Special Features: Container, tolerates drought


24. Carmine Cob

This is a small cactus species. It has very bright colored blooms. It is variable and has received a lot of names like most of the other Lobivias.

Origin: Bolivia – Ayacucho, Huancavelica, Husco

Name: Echinopsis backebergii

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 1-6 inches

Hardiness zone: 10-11

Light: Full sun when mature

Water: Dry-medium, regularly while growing

Temperature: Hardy to -10° Celsius

Soil: Well-draining mix

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Pink, red

Special Features: Container, tolerates drought


25. Catclaws

This is a cylindrical, solitary cactus. There are three subspecies recognized. They include the nominate, crassihamatus, and wrightii.

Origin: Mexico and USA

Name: Anstricocactus uncinatus

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 6 inches

Hardiness zone: 8-12

Light: Full sun when mature

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -7° Celsius

Soil: Sand-gritty, open mineral

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Brownish purple to black, Pink to Dark red

Special Features: Container


26. Dwarf Chin

Gymnocalycium gibbosum

This plant is a solitary and very small cactus with radial spines. It is a highly variable species. The polymorphism makes some people think that there are too many unnecessary varieties.

Origin: Argentina –from Buenos Aires to Patagonia

Name: Gymnocalycium gibbosum, spider cactus, dwarf chin cactus

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 1-6 inches

Hardiness zone: 8-10

Light: Full sun, partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require much

Temperature: Hardy to -10° Celsius

Soil: Standard cactus mix

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Pink, white, orange

Special Features: Container, tolerates drought


27. Linkleaf

Schlumbergera truncata

This plant is also called the Christmas cactus. It has many branches. It can be up to 30 centimeters tall and 45 centimeters in diameter. It has many colors of flowers ranging from pink to orange to white to yellow to multicolor.

Origin: Brazil – Rio de Janeiro

Name: Schlumbergera truncata

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 18-24 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-12

Light: Partial shade

Water: Requires moderate moisture

Temperature: Warmer climates

Soil: Soil with sphagnum

Soil pH: 5.6-6.5

Flower Color: Pink

Special Features: Container, tolerates drought, can live for a long time


28. Jade Plant

Jade Plant

The Jade plant is also known as the Money Tree, Friendship Tree, and the Lucky plant. This is a very common houseplant across the whole world. It requires very little attention or water and can survive even the harshest conditions.

Origin: Mozambique, South Africa

Name: Crassula Ovata

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: 8-10 inches

Hardiness zone: 10-11

Light: Full sun

Water: Dry, requires very little water

Temperature: Hardy to 10° Celsius

Soil: Well-draining mix

Soil pH: 5.6-6.5

Flower Color: Pink, white

Special Features: Container, indoor, easy to grow


29. Panda Plant

Kalanchoe tomentosa

Panda Plant is also known as a Chocolate Soldier and Pussy Ears. It is fairly small in size and has red rimes on the edges. It is very easy to grow this plant and can be grown indoors too.

Origin: Madagascar

Name: Kalanchoe tomentosa

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: 1.5 inches

Hardiness zone: 10-11

Light: Full sun, partial shade

Water: Only when the soil is dry

Temperature: Hardy to 15° Celsius

Soil: Succulent/cacti mix

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Gray, green

Special Features: Container, indoor, easy to grow


30. Claret Cup Hedgehog

Echinocereus triglochidiatus

Generally speaking, this is a mounding cactus. It forms bulbous piles ranging from few to more than a hundred cylindrical to spherical stems. There are densely spiny plants but also plants with no spines at all.

Origin: Nevada, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, California, New Mexico

Name: Echinocereus triglochidiatus

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 12-24 inches

Hardiness zone: 5-9

Light: Full sun

Water: Water regularly during the summer

Temperature: Hardy to -6° Celsius

Soil: Succulent/cacti mix

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Red

Special Features: Container, showy flowers, deer-resistant, drought-tolerant


31. Cleistocactus

This shrubby cactus has branching stems that crawl on the ground. They can be up to 1.5 meters tall and 6 meters wide. The spines are usually dark and short. The flowers have an emerald green color.

Origin: Bolivia and Argentina

Name: Cleistocactus smaragdiflorus

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 18-48 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-10

Light: Full sun, partial shade

Water: Water regularly during the summer

Temperature: Hardy to -6° Celsius

Soil: Particularly draining substratum

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Emerald green, red

Special Features: Container, showy flowers, attracts hummingbirds


32. Mistletoe Cactus

This plant has very strong stems that are covered with tiny branches. At first, the plant grows straight, but later is branching free and independent. The main branches are cylindrical, woody, and elongated. They are up to 20 centimeters long and up to 2 millimeters in diameter.

Origin: Brazil – Rio de Janeiro

Name: Rhipsalis mesembryanthemoides

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 6-24 inches

Hardiness zone: 10-11

Light: Full sun, partial shade

Water: Moderate moisture

Temperature: Hardy to -5° Celsius

Soil: Acidic, loose, rich

Soil pH: 6.1-6.5

Flower Color: White

Special Features: Easy to grow, container


33. Saguaro opuntia

This is another tree-like cactus. It has very glossy and dark green arms that can be up to 1.5 meters high. The pads are much longer than they are wide. They have only a small of amount of spines, if any at all.

Origin: Haiti – Saline Michel

Name: Consolea falcata

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 72-96 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full sun, partial shade

Water: Dry-medium, doesn’t require too much

Temperature: Hardy to -2° Celsius

Soil: Any kind of well-draining soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Red

Special Features: Easy to grow, container, drought-tolerant


34. Old Man Opuntia

This is usually very furry cactus. The plant forms branches both near the top and base of the stems The name refers to plants’ vestments.

Origin: Argentina – Jujuy, Salta. Bolivia – La Paz, Tarija, Potosi, Chuquisaca, Cochabamba

Name: Austrocylindropuntia vestita

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 6-24 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full sun, partial shade

Water: Dry, doesn’t require too much /p>

Temperature: Hardy to 0° Celsius

Soil: Well-draining and mineral

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: Purple-pink

Special Features: Container


35. Creeping Devil

This is one of the strangest cactuses you’ll find in nature. It has very strong stems. They can grow up to 3 meters high and up to 8 centimeters in diameter. As they creep, they take root, eventually covering a huge area. Sometimes, the plant will separate from the parent and leave it to die.

Origin: Baja, California

Name: Stenocereus eruca

Family: Cactaceae

Type: Cactus

Mature size: 6-12 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-11

Light: Full sun

Water: Dry, doesn’t require too much

Temperature: Hardy to 0° Celsius

Soil: Very sandy soil

Soil pH: 6.1-7.8

Flower Color: White

Special Features: Drought-tolerant


36. Adromischus Cristatus ‘Crinkle-Leaf Plant’

Adromischus Cristatus ‘Crinkle-Leaf Plant’

This plant features triangular-shaped thick leaves that are common among succulents, with crinkled outer edges that give the plant its common name. The foliage is pale green and covered in tiny hairs. This plant likes to be kept very dry, even more so than most succulents. Water it sparingly and allow it to completely dry out between waterings. It can be grown outside during summer in warm climates or grown all year round as a houseplant on a bright windowsill. For the best health, it should receive at least 4 hours of sun per day. It grows slowly but easily, making it ideal for beginners. It can produce small flowers atop long stems.

Origin: Eastern Cape Province of South Africa

Name: Adromischus Cristatus

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: 6 inches

Hardiness zone: 9b to 10b

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Water sparingly

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Well-draining gritty soil

Soil pH: 6-8

Flower Color: Red and white with green tips

Special Features: Slow growing, easy to propagate


37. Adromischus Maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’

Adromischus Maculatus ‘Calico Hearts’

This plant has paddle-shaped foliage that which grows in clusters. The leaves are gray-green, with purple spotting on mature plants, and darker edges. It will react badly to overwatering and should be watered generously and then allowed to completely dry out before watering again. It thrives best indoors as it is sensitive to low temperatures. It can produce tubular-shaped flowers, though blooming when kept as a houseplant is a rarity.

Origin: South Africa

Name: Adromischus Maculatus

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: 8 inches

Hardiness zone: 9b to 11b

Light: Bright, indirect light

Water: Water sparingly

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Free-draining gritty soil

Soil pH: 6-8

Flower Color: Pale green, white, and yellow

Special Features: Pretty flowers


38. Echeveria Runyonii 'Topsy Turvy'/ Echeveria ‘Silver Spoons’

Echeveria Runyonii 'Topsy Turvy'/ Echeveria ‘Silver Spoons’

This succulent has long leaves that form a rosette shape. Each leaf rolls under itself along the lengths, while the tip is flicked back inward to point at the center of the rosette. The foliage is gray-blue with a waxy texture. This plant grows quickly in the right conditions, and in summer, it will send out long stems with star-shaped flowers adorning them. It frequently produces pups or offsets that can be divided for propagation.

Origin: Mexico

Name: Echeveria Runyonii

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 12 inches

Hardiness zone: 9-12

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Low watering needs

Temperature: Hardy to 20 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Flower Color: Yellow and orange

Special Features: Winner of RHS Award of Garden Merit


39. Aloe Brevifolia ‘Short-Leaved Aloe’

Aloe Brevifolia ‘Short-Leaved Aloe’

This compact aloe plant is loved for its triangular leaves that grow to form broad rosettes. The plant easily produces offsets, which grow to look like a vast aloe blanket covering the ground. The foliage of the plant is pale blue-green, but the color transforms to a rose-salmon in the sunlight. Each leaf is lined with sharp white ‘teeth,’ adding further interest to the foliage. This plant grows best outdoors in warm, bright climates.

Origin: Western Cape Province of South Africa

Name: Aloe Brevifolia

Family: Asphodelaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 2 feet tall

Hardiness zone: 8 to 11b

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Water when soil is dry

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Flower Color: Red-orange

Special Features: Flowers attract bees and birds to the garden


40. Aloe 'Christmas Carol

Aloe 'Christmas Carol'

This slow-growing aloe has festive appeal, with its red and green coloring and rosette habit that forms a star shape. The fleshy leaves are dark green and have a spiky red trim. The foliage also features red spots that have a raised surface. The plant grows well in rock gardens, and in summer, it can produce brightly colored flowers that can last for many months.

Name: Aloe hybrid

Family: Asphodelaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 1 feet tall

Hardiness zone: 10a to 11b

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Water sparingly

Temperature: Hardy to 30 °F

Soil: Well-draining gritty soil

Flower Color: Red or pink

Special Features: Showy and festive


41. Aloe Black Doran ‘Doran Black’

This is a complex hybrid made up of several other aloe varieties and is often mistakenly referred to as ‘Dorian Black.’ It has dark green leaves with creamy colored dashes covering the surface, creating an instantly recognizable pattern. The edges of the foliage are spiked, and the plant grows low and slow, readily producing offshoots to form full containers.

Name: Aloe hybrid

Family: Asphodelaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 12 feet tall

Hardiness zone: 10a to 11b

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Water when soil is dry

Temperature: Hardy to 30 °F

Soil: Well-draining gritty soil

Flower Color: Red-orange

Special Features: Bell-shaped vivid flowers


42. Aloe Haworthioides ‘Haworthia-Leaved Aloe’

Aloe Haworthioides ‘Haworthia-Leaved Aloe’

This aloe is named for its tiny white hairs that cover the green leaves, giving it a similar look to the haworthia plant. The foliage grows in small rosettes, from which tall stems grow to bear peach-orange flowers in summer. This aloe is especially tough, growing natively amongst rock and quartz.

Origin: Madagascar

Name: Aloe Haworthioides

Family: Asphodelaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 12 feet tall

Hardiness zone: 9b to 11b

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Water when soil is dry

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Soil pH: 6.1 to 6.5

Flower Color: Orange

Special Features: Unusual foliage


43. Aloe Juvenna ‘Tiger Tooth Aloe’

Aloe Juvenna ‘Tiger Tooth Aloe’

This aloe grows on a tall, erect stem, with triangular pointed sturdy leaves densely packed around it. It looks as though lots of aloe rosettes have grown on top of one another to create an aloe stack, making it very visually interesting. Though it hails from Kenya, it is rarely found growing natively but is popular as a cultivated garden plant.

Origin: Kenya

Name: Aloe Juvenna

Family: Asphodelaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 12 inches tall

Hardiness zone: 9a to 11b

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Water sparingly

Temperature: Hardy to 20 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Flower Color: Pink, orange, red

Special Features: Unusual stack-like foliage


44. Beaucarnea Recurvata ‘Ponytail Palm’

Beaucarnea Recurvata ‘Ponytail Palm’

This plant can survive periods of drought because it stores water in its swollen trunk. The trunk is at its thickest point at ground level, making it easy to see why it is also commonly known as ‘elephant trunk.’ It works well as a houseplant, growing incredibly slowly. In its natural environment, it can reach heights of 30 feet.

Origin: Mexico

Name: Beaucarnea Recurvata

Family: Asparagaceae

Type: Semi-succulent

Mature size: Up to 6 feet tall indoors

Hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Light: Full sun

Water: Water moderately, allowing the soil to partially dry out between waterings

Temperature: Hardy to 20 °F

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: White

Special Features: Showy flower clusters


45. Cotyledon Tomentosa ‘Bear’s Paw’

Cotyledon Tomentosa ‘Bear’s Paw’

This quirky succulent has swollen oval leaves covered in tiny hairs. The bright green leaves feature a row of red spikes that resemble claws, giving the plant its common name of ‘bear’s paw.’ The plant features star-shaped flowers in shades of peach, orange, and yellow.

Origin: South Africa

Name: Cotyledon Tomentosa

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent shrub

Mature size: Up to 20 inches tall

Hardiness zone: 9b to 11b

Light: Bright indirect light

Water: Water deeply, allow to almost dry between watering

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Soil pH: 6 to 8

Flower Color: Orange

Special Features: Showy flowers


46. Crassula Exilis Ssp. Schmidtii ‘Fairy Tongue’

Crassula Exilis Ssp. Schmidtii ‘Fairy Tongue’

This low-growing succulent forms mounds of dark green foliage with an abundance of dainty flowers blooming through fall and winter. It makes an excellent addition to containers or can be used in festive wreaths.

Origin: South Africa

Name: Crassula Exilis Ssp. Schmidtii

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 8 inches tall

Hardiness zone: 10a to 11b

Light: Full sun

Water: Water when soil is dry

Temperature: Hardy to 30 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Flower Color: Red, purple, pink

Special Features: Fall and winter bloomer


47. Crassula Falcata ‘Propeller Plant’

Crassula Falcata ‘Propeller Plant’

The gray-green long oval leaves of this plant grow at an angle to form the shape of airplane propellers, giving the plant its common name. Small, unusual flowers bloom from the top of this plant in scarlet red during summer.

Origin: Cape of Good Hope, South Africa

Name: Crassula Falcata

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 2 feet tall

Hardiness zone: 10a to 11b

Light: Full sun

Water: Allow soil to dry between waterings

Temperature: Hardy to 20 °F

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: Red

Special Features: Vibrant flowers


48. Crassula Muscosa ‘Watch Chain’

Crassula Muscosa ‘Watch Chain’

Tiny green leaves grow along the upright stems of this succulent in an overlapping nature, forming a textured, stacked stem. It grows well in temperature climates or as a houseplant in bright areas with some shade.

Origin: Namibia and South Africa

Name: Crassula Muscosa

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 12 inches tall

Hardiness zone: 9a to 11

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Water when soil is dry

Temperature: Hardy to 20 °F

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: Yellow-green

Special Features: Unusual foliage


49. Crassula 'Tom Thumb'

Crassula 'Tom Thumb'

This miniature succulent is a cute hybrid between Crassula rupestris subsp. rupestris and Crassula rupestris subsp. marnieriana. Erect stems are layered with chubby green leaves that become tinged with green in bright light. This plant grows quickly, and in the right conditions, will produce tiny white flowers.

Name: Crassula hybrid

Family: Crassulaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 6 inches tall

Hardiness zone: 9b to 11b

Light: Bright light

Water: Water when soil is dry

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Well-draining

Flower Color: White

Special Features: Miniature plant


50. Drosanthemum Speciosum ‘Red Ice Plant’

Drosanthemum Speciosum ‘Red Ice Plant’

This shrublet features succulent foliage and blooms profusely with brightly colored flowers through spring and summer. The flowers close up during low light and open again in response to the sun. This plant is quite hardy and can survive outdoors all year long in temperate climates.

Origin: South Africa and Namibia

Name: Drosanthemum Speciosum

Family: Aizoaceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 2 feet tall

Hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Light: Full sun

Water: Water when soil is dry

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Loam-based gritty soil

Flower Color: Orange, red, yellow

Special Features: Intense flowers


51. Euphoribia Milii ‘Crown-Of-Thorns’

Euphoribia Milii ‘Crown-Of-Thorns’

This heavily branched plant features green oval leaves densely packed along thorny stems. It blooms all year round, though the ‘flowers’ are, in fact, technically bracts which resemble petals. It is most commonly grown as an ornamental houseplant, though be warned, it is highly toxic and poisonous to pets.

Origin: Madagascar

Name: Euphoribia Milii

Family: Euphorbiaciae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 6 feet tall

Hardiness zone: 9 to 12

Light: Full sun

Water: Water thoroughly, allowing topsoil to dry between waterings

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Soil pH: 6 to 6.8

Flower Color: Red, pink, white, yellow

Special Features: Flowers all year round


52. Senecio Serpens ‘Blue Chalksticks’

Senecio Serpens ‘Blue Chalksticks’

With upright blue-green cylindrical foliage, it’s not hard to see where this plant got its common name. It can be grown as a trailing plant but works best as ground cover, with nodes rooting to the ground as it grows.

Origin: South Africa

Name: Senecio Serpens

Family: Asteraceae

Type: Semi-trailing succulent

Mature size: Up to 12 inches tall

Hardiness zone: 9 to 11

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Maintain medium/dry soil

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Soil pH: 6 to 6.8

Flower Color: Cream

Special Features: Ground cover


53. Senecio Rowleyanus ‘String Of Pearls’

Senecio Rowleyanus ‘String Of Pearls’

This popular houseplant has long stems and spherical leaves that resemble peas threaded along a string. The leaves store water, enabling the plant to survive drought. Unusually, this plant grows during winter and is dormant in summer.

Origin: South Africa

Name: Senecio Rowleyanus

Family: Asteraceae

Type: Trailing succulent vine

Mature size: Up to 3 feet

Hardiness zone: 9 to 12

Light: Full sun

Water: Water when soil is dry

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Flower Color: White and yellow

Special Features: Quirky aesthetics


54. Senecio Radicans ‘String of Bananas’

Senecio Radicans ‘String of Bananas’

This succulent vine grows as trailing ground cover in its native habitat but is more commonly used as a hanging plant in homes and gardens. It features long stems from which glossy banana-shaped leaves dangle.

Origin: South Africa

Name: Senecio Radicans

Family: Asteraceae

Type: Succulent vine

Mature size: Up to 3 feet long

Hardiness zone: 9 to 12

Light: Partial shade

Water: Allow to dry between waterings

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Well-draining sandy soil

Flower Color: Cream

Special Features: Scented flowers


55. Senecio Barbertonicus ‘Succulent Bush Senecio’

Senecio Barbertonicus ‘Succulent Bush Senecio’

This extremely drought-tolerant plant can grow quite large to form a succulent bush, covered in bright green fleshy foliage that is the shape of long thin cylinders and point up to the sky. It is named after the region of Barberton in South Africa, where it grows natively.

Origin: South Africa

Name: Senecio Barbertonicus

Family: Asteraceae

Type: Succulent

Mature size: Up to 6 feet tall

Hardiness zone: 9b to 12b

Light: Full sun to partial shade

Water: Allow soil to dry out between waterings

Temperature: Hardy to 25 °F

Soil: Sandy well-draining soil

Flower Color: Yellow

Special Features: Large brightly colored flowers


Sources:

  • Scott Calhoun - The Gardener's Guide to Cactus The 100 Best Paddles, Barrels, Columns, and Globes (2012, Timber Press)
  • William Harland, Sybil Harland - Growing Cacti & Succulents (Growing Series) (1993)

Photo Credit

55 Types of Succulents & Cacti - A Visual Guide

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