Flaming Katy Plants Buying & Growing Guide
Flaming Katy (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) — or ‘florist’s kalanchoe’ — is a perennial succulent which makes a cheerful addition to a sunny room in your home, patio, or garden. This native plant of Madagascar is a popular houseplant because of its compact size and bright blooms. Here are some other interesting facts about the flaming Katy:
- It’s very easy to care for and requires little maintenance.
- Has striking bursts of colored blooms that are either single (four petals) or double-flowering (up to 26 petals).
- It’s great for gifting, as a centerpiece, or as an element of beauty for a windowsill.
Flaming Katy Plants for Sale
Flaming Katy Plant Overview
|Scientific Name||Kalanchoe blossfeldiana|
|Common Names||Flaming Katy, Window’s Thrill, Panda Plant, Christmas Kalanchoe|
|Ideal Temperature||55° F – 85° F|
|Light||Many light levels tolerated, though bright indirect light is best|
|Watering||Allow to dry out between watering, little water required|
|Toxicity||Poisonous to pets and livestock|
Planting and Care
Flaming Katy can be planted outdoors as a container plant or in border/edging arrangements in zones 10-11. They can also be planted in containers as an annual in other zones during the summer months.
When planting outdoors, temperatures should ideally be between 45 and 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Note that this plant is not frost-hardy. Ideally, they should be planted in containers on your patio, deck, porch, etc., to make it easy to bring indoors as temperatures drop. When planting in-ground, avoid areas prone to pooling water. Select an area with full sun, partial shade, and well-draining soil (sand/loam.) Plants should be spaced eight to 12 inches apart to avoid overcrowding.
For indoor planting, use well-draining potting soil (60% peat moss, 40% perlite.) Select a container that’s one to two inches larger than the plant and place it in a sunny area. Terracotta containers do best for succulents because they do not retain as much moisture as other containers do.
Watering and nutrients
Succulents (including flaming Katy) prefer a drier environment, so it’s important not to overwater. Knowing when to water your plant is as easy as feeling the soil. If the soil is dry to touch, water well, but don’t overwater. Too much water encourages fungal disease that can stunt the growth or kill the plant. To discourage foliage disease, always water your plant at the base while avoiding wetting the foliage.
To feed in-ground plants, use a 20-20-20 fertilizer once a year with a light application. For container/indoor plants, use Miracle-Gro Succulent Plant Food once a month to provide the necessary nutrients.
To prune while the plant is in bloom, remove the dead flowers with your fingers. Kalanchoe get leggy after a growing season, but you can reduce legginess by cutting the flower stalk down to the third leaf. Remove or cut any brown or decayed leaves and stalks. Remove any debris from the soil (leaves, etc.) to prevent disease.
To prune after bloom, wait until all of the flowers have fallen or wilted. Remove any remaining dead flowers. You will be trimming your stem a third of the way down at the nearest leaf node that points in the desired growth direction. Snip the stem at a 45-degree angle. Remove any debris from the soil to discourage disease.
Pests, diseases, and animals
Common pests such as mealy bugs, aphids, and brown scale are problematic. Remove aphids by hand. Brown scale requires a bit of scraping to remove. An alcohol wipe removes mealy bugs.
Powdery mildew, root rot, and fungal diseases are common problems. Cultural controls to prevent these issues include not overwatering your plant, using well-draining soil, and avoiding getting the leaves wet. A recommended chemical control is Bonide Remedy fungicide.
Although many gardening hobbyists vow the plant is safe for animals, it isn’t. Flaming Katy plants contain a glycoside that is highly toxic to pets (dogs, cats, birds, small animals) and ruminant livestock (cows, goats, horses.) The flowers (which attracts pets) contain the highest concentration of glycosides. When ingesting the plant, glycoside affects heart function in as little as 12 hours and can persist for up to five days.
Ideally, the Flaming Katy should be in a temperature range of 55° F – 85° F, though it isn’t terribly temperamental when it comes to temperature. If the temperature drops a few degrees below 50° F for a brief period, then the plant will probably be okay, and likewise if the temperature rises a few degrees over 85 °F. That being said, the plant will not do well in frost, so if you put your Flaming Katy outside for the summer months, then be sure to bring it back inside before the first frost arrives. The plant will also not tolerate excessively hot conditions, and will need extra water during heat waves.
The Flaming Katy enjoys bright, indirect light, though for short periods of time, you can move the plant to a more shaded area of your home. While the plant is in bloom, its common to want to sit the plant in a darker space- on a shelf or table with little light to brighten up the area. This plant will be okay with that in the short-term, but after around four weeks, you will need to move it to a better lit spot.
To encourage the plant to bloom time and time again, you will need to allow it at least a few hours of indirect, bright light each day. Without this the plant will not flower again, and may even die completely. A windowsill benefitting from several hours of light each day would be ideal, though make sure you filter any direct light with a shade or window blind (Flowers and Plants Association).
The Flaming Katy plant is not fussy when it comes to humidity, and any level of humidity will be fine. The plant will not need any misting and humidity isn’t something you need to be concerned with.
This plant is often only kept in the home while it is flowering. The foliage of the plant isn’t very interesting to look at and trying to get the plant to flower again is sometimes more trouble than it’s worth. For this reason, many people throw the Flaming Katy away after the flowers have died, and will therefore never have cause to repot it.
However, if you choose to keep this plant in your home, it will need to be put in a new pot around every two years. Try to do this in the springtime, carefully removing the plant from its current pot without disturbing the root ball. Plant it into a new pot one size bigger than the previous pot, using a well-draining soil mixed with builder’s sand. Extra care must be taken when re-potting the Flaming Katy because the leaves are quite brittle and can be very easily snapped or damaged.
The flowers on this plant are the stars of the show, and really, they are the only reason that anyone would buy a Flaming Katy. It is common for the plant to have around 50 flowers blooming at the same time, which is quite something given the small stature of the plant. When it is in full bloom, the plant looks very striking, with masses of flowers in various vibrant colors.
The blooms are usually single flowers with four petals, or double flowers with eight petals. Common colors for the Flaming Katy’s flowers are pink, orange, red, yellow, purple, and white.
Flowers on the Flaming Katy can be short-lived, lasting just a few weeks, though it is possible for the plant to flower for a month or more if it is carefully cared for, with dead flowers being removed frequently. Keeping the plant in a cool spot will also help to prolong the life of the flowers.
Though this is often a throwaway plant after the flowers have died, you can keep the plant around for longer and encourage it to bloom again. As long as it gets the right light, the Flaming Katy can bloom time and time again.
Propagating this plant is easy, and for some people, it is the better option for getting new flowers instead of trying to get the mother plant to bloom again. Propagation can be achieved through leaf or stem cuttings. Simply cut a stem from the mother plant a few inches in length and allow it to dry out for a few days before doing anything with it. Once it has dried out, you can plant in in soil, where roots should begin to grow within a few weeks. Rooting hormone can be used to encourage successful propagation, though this is usually a personal preference.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I cover my flaming Katy during frosts and winter?
Flaming Katy plants are susceptible to the cold and do not tolerate temperatures that drop below 45 degrees Fahrenheit. It’s best to dig up plants and transfer them to a container that can be taken indoors. Covering them during a frost or winter will not prevent them from dying.
Does flaming Katy have bloom colors other than red?
This Kalanchoe species comes in red, orange, pink, yellow, and white. You can also get single-blooming (four petals per flower) or double-blooming (up to 24 petals per flower.) It’s interesting to note that this plant is a nocturnal bloomer. As night time sets in, temperatures drop in their natural habitat encouraging the flowers to open. An air-conditioned room will have the same effect.
How big will a flaming Katy plant get?
The wonderful thing about flaming Katy plants is their compact habit and rounded form. Rarely do they get any larger than one and a half foot in height or spread. Routine pruning (during or after bloom) helps to encourage plant growth and hardy flowers.
Is “Kalanchoe” the term used for flaming Katy plants?
“Kalanchoe” is the genus of numerous flowering succulent plants that belong to the Crassalucaea family. Flaming Katy (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) is a species of Kalanchoe. Each species of Kalanchoe has differing characteristics.
No new blooms
Getting the Flaming Katy to produce new flowers can sometimes be a challenge. Professional growers can get this plant to bloom at any time of year by tricking it into thinking it is a different season with the use of artificial light. To get your Flaming Katy to re-bloom, you’ll need to do this yourself to some extent. The plant will need long night time hours and few day time hours to produce new buds. Ensure the plant is getting enough light during the day by setting it on a bright windowsill.
Many growers allow the plant to rest during October, better enabling it to produce new blooms afterwards. Beginning in October, allow the plant to only receive moderate light during the day and put it in a dark room for 14 hours each night. Do not feed it during this time and allow very little water. Follow this plan for around six to eight weeks, by which time, the plant should be starting to bloom. Following this period of rest, resume normal care and enjoy your new flowers
Deadheading the plant when it flowers and cutting off flowering stems once they are spent will also encourage new blooms.
Wilting leaves are either caused by too much or too little water. Given that the Flaming Katy is a drought resistant plant, the likelihood will be that it’s wilting leaves are a product of overwatering. An easy way to check is to simply feel the soil. If it is moist, then the wilting leaves are almost certainly an overwatering issue. If the soil is very dry, it could be that you haven’t watered the plant enough.
Overwatering will often result in root rot, which kills the roots and prevents them from supplying water and nutrients to the plant, thereby killing it. If you suspect root rot then the plant needs to be repotted in fresh, well-draining soil. Root rot is often so severe that the plant cannot be saved, so don’t expect too much from your plant if the roots are in poor condition.
A Flaming Katy losing leaves can be due to a number of things. Most commonly, a sudden temperature drop of lower than 50° F will cause the leaves to drop. As this is often sold as a Christmas plant due to its ability to flower through the winter, it’s easy for the plant to be inadvertently exposed to very low temperatures. If you suspect this is the case, ensure it is at a comfortable home temperature away from cold drafts to allow if to recover.
The Flaming Katy plant will also drop leaves if exposed to excessively high temperatures, though this is generally much less likely than the opposite issue of low temperature.
Overwatering and underwatering can cause the plant to shed its leaves. Underwatering leads to dehydration of the leaves, which will cause them to drop, while overwatering leads to root rot, which cuts off the plants supply of water and nutrients, causing leaf drop.
Usually caused by insufficient light, the leaves of the Flaming Katy will turn yellow and eventually drop off if they are not allowed access to a few hours of light each day. Move the plant to a more suitable location, where it should recover.
Powdery mildew starts of as a speckled white coating on the leaves and stems of the plant, looking almost like it has been dusted in powder. If left untreated, this will then progress to a white fluffy texture, causing ill health and death of the plant.
The Flaming Katy is quite susceptible to powdery mildew, especially when kept in low light conditions at around 70° F in temperature. Poor air flow also increases the likelihood of your plant becoming victim of powdery mildew, so try to keep the plant in an area of good air flow and bright light to prevent this issue from occurring. If you notice powdery mildew on your plant, you will need to cut off any leaves that are badly affected and treat the rest of the plant with a fungicide.
Powdery mildew is highly contagious, so keep it away from any other plants you have and treat it quickly. If caught early, the plant should recover well, but a quick diagnosis and treatment is vital as powdery mildew can very quickly kill a plant.